-eps, upis : auceps, fowler, and the old Latin manceps, contractor.
-as, -atis : many feminine abstracts, as aetas, age ; some proper names, as Maecenas. On these, in connection with SCHWEIZER- SIDLEE, the chapter on the Formation of Words has been based. and ix.), containing a discussion of the earlier Literature ; ELMER'S articles on the Latin Prohibitive in A. Where it has been necessary to modify the quotations in order to make them suitable for citation, we have enclosed within square brackets words occurring in different form in the text, and in paren- theses words that have been inserted ; where the passage would not yield to such treatment, Cf. We have not thought it necessary to add the references in the Prosody except in the case of some of the citations from early Latin. In the historical treatment of the Syntax we must still rely in large measure on DRAEGER'S Historische Syntax der lateinischen Sprache (2d edition, 1878, 1881), faulty and inaccurate though it often is : many of the false statements have been corrected on the basis of more recent individual studies by SCHMALZ ; but even SCHMALZ is not always correct, and many statements of his treatise have been silently emended in the present book. In the spelling of Latin words used out of quotation, as a rule u and v have been followed by o rather than by u ; but here the require- ments of clearness and the period of the language have often been allowed to weigh. Most polysyllabic mute stems change their final vowel i into e in the Nominative. Before s a P-mute is retained, a K-mute combines with it to form x, a T-mute is dropped.