Social penetration theory and online dating
While the term has traditionally referred to those communications that occur via computer-mediated formats (e.g., instant messages, e-mails, chat rooms), it has also been applied to other forms of text-based interaction such as text messaging.
Social information processing theory argues that online interpersonal relationships may demonstrate the same relational dimensions and qualities as Ft F relationships.
Social information processing researchers like Joseph Walther are intrigued by how identities are managed online and how relationships are able to move from one of superficiality to one of intimacy.
Three assumptions related to the SIP theory are listed below: The first assumption rests on the premise that computer-mediated communication is a unique opportunity to build interpersonal relationships with others.
Further, these messages "build up" over time and provide online participants sufficient information from which to begin and develop interpersonal relationships.
Social information processing theory describes computer-mediated communication as a process including three phases: impersonal, to interpersonal, and finally to hyperpersonal.
He subsequently worked toward establishing an interpersonal communication theory that more accurately reflected the intersection among communication, online environments, the self and relationships.Joseph Walther, a communication and media theorist, said that computer-mediated communication (CMC) users can adapt to this restricted medium and use it effectively to develop close relationships.Walther understood that to describe the new nature of online communication required a new theory.Social information processing theory focuses on the social processes that occur when two or more people are engaged in communication, similar to theories such as social presence theory, social penetration theory, and uncertainty reduction theory.What makes SIP different from these theories is its distinct focus on communication mediated solely by information and communications technologies.